Universal input means devices will operate with a power source input range 85 ~ 264 V AC and 45 ~ 65 Hz. Devices with this type of power supply can be used anywhere in the world without adjusting for supply characteristics. This is desirable for consumers and manufacturers alike.
The characteristics of LED lights at lower voltage can show unexpected characteristics for consumers. They do not respond in the same way as incandescent lights.
In the UK, and other countries with 230 V supply, a universal input LED light will continue to operate when the supply voltage is well outside a typical tolerance range of 230 V +/-10%.
Wikipedia described a brownout as “an intentional or unintentional drop in voltage in an electrical power supply system. The term brownout comes from the dimming of incandescent lighting when the voltage reduces. “
The image below shows three lights tested over a range of supply voltages. All were sold in UK for 230 V nominal operation.
The quartz halogen incandescent light on the right shows a classic brownout at 50 ~ 150 v. The two LED lights are both retailer own brand marked 220 – 240 V. They respond dramatically differently. The one of the left is universal input, working well over the range 75 – 250 V. By contrast the light in the middle works well only 200 – 250 V and provides no light output at 175 V.
LED lights spell the end of the classic brownout. The varying performance make it more difficult for consumers to understand what has happened to their supply. Distribution network operators also face a support challenges when contacted by customers for support.
Why does this matter?
Advice to consumers on how to identify power supply problems needs to be reviewed and updated. Much is still based around incandescent bulbs and old TVs with CRT display not LCD/OLED.
Choosing a universal input LED bulb can make lighting more reliable in emergencies after storms or on sites with poor power quality.
If you are interested in these issues please contact us.